Equatorial Guinea - A natural paradise to explore.
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Our movement originates in Equatorial Guinea, a country located on the African continent.
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is located in the Gulf of Guinea and is organized into two regional divisions: the Continental Region and the Insular Region.
The Continental Region borders Cameroon to the north, Gabon to the east and south and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. The island of Corisco also belongs to this area. The continental capital is the city of Bata.
The Insular Region includes the island of Bioko, where the insular capital, Malabo and the island of Annobón are located.
The country is administratively divided into eight provinces:
1. Annobón (San Antonio de Palea)
2. Bioko Norte (Malabo)
3. Bioko Sur (Luba)
4. Centro Sur (Evinayong)
5. Kie-Ntem (Ebebiyin)
6. Litoral (Bata)
7. Djibloho (Djibloho)
8. Wele-Nzas (Mongomo).
Demonym: Equatorial Guinean (a).
Currency: CFA Franc of West Africa
Official Language: Spanish
Secondary languages: French – Portuguese – English
Mother tongues and native languages: Fang, Bubi, Annobonés, Balengue, Ndowé (Ngumbi or Playero), Kwasio and Seki.
Equatorial Guinea is one of the zones with the greatest biodiversity in Africa, since we can find from the classic beaches with black volcanic sand to incredibly leafy forests or alpine lands at 3,000 meters high.
In Bioko, below 700 m – maximum height for the cultivation of cocoa -, cocoa, coffee and plantain plantations occupy most of the forest area, although much of it remains unexploited today. The vegetation, similar to that of the continent, has only been maintained in some areas.
Gastronomy of Equatorial Guinea
The gastronomy of Equatorial Guinea is a mixture of the cuisines of native tribes and European cuisine. As the richest nation in West Africa, its cuisine incorporates several meats, fish and chicken are common dishes. Chilies and other spices are also very popular. Yucca, sweet potatoes, yams, peanuts and bananas are very popular ingredients.
In Equatorial Guinea you will find the Malambas is a drink of sugarcane, the Osang, an African tea. As well as beer and palm wine, an alcoholic beverage created from the sap of various palm species such as Palmyra and coconut palms, are produced locally.
In Equatorial Guinea it is very diverse, in it there are more than a hundred different mammals: small antelopes, pangolins, felines, especially diversity of primates: gorillas, chimpanzees, baboons, colobus. In Guinea you can also find some large mammals such as the elephant, the hippo, the potamóquero or the manatee. Equally numerous are the species of reptiles and amphibians, and four species of sea turtles that frequent the coast stands out.
It also highlights the large number of Equatorial Guinean birds, with more than three hundred known species, as well as that of aquatic fauna, with more than 167 species of fish.
Almost the entire population, with the exception of the Pygmies, belongs to the Bantu people. To this denomination belong more than seventy million individuals that extend throughout Central, Eastern and Austral Africa.
Equatorial Guinea has an ethnic and cultural variety that shares territory, different cultures coexist with each other in peace, without ethnic problems or confrontations.
Fangs: They form the largest ethnic group. Traditionally their coexistence is structured in families, clans and relatively autonomous tribes. The offspring are transmitted by males, hence the importance of the father, the uncle and the firstborn. His wooden sculptures, masks and ritual fang statues are appreciated throughout the world.
Bubis: They are on the island of Bioko and are Bantu belonging to the so-called “yam civilization”. Its society was structured in the form of a kingdom that was maintained until the end of the colonial period. Their original religion was monotheistic and their music, dance and traditional singing were inspired by religious ceremonies that are still deeply rooted.
Annoboneses: They are found on the island of Annobón and are a mixture of Portuguese, Spaniards and slaves of African descent. Traditionally they have been fishermen, since agriculture is limited on the island as it is a volcanic land. They use canoes known as cayucos, made of ceiba wood. The majority dominate the Fá d’Ambô dialect which is a Portuguese Creole mixed with Spanish.
Pygmies: In Equatorial Guinea they are called Beyeles and Bokuigns. They live in small groups and are dedicated to hunting and collecting wild roots and berries.
Ndowés: It is a minority town, formed by numerous ethnic groups: the Kombe, the Bujeba, the Bapuku, the Balenke, the Enviko and the Benga. Their social organization is hierarchized in families, peoples, lineages and clans.
Bisios: Originally from Cameroon, they are few in number and migrated in the 19th century to the nearby coastal regions of the continental region, via the Ntem river.
Fernandinos y criollos: Bourgeoisie of landowners and merchants, who lived for a long time in the capital and were mestizo descendants of workers who settled down over the centuries on the plantations of the island of Bioko.
It is the capital and the oldest city in the Equatoguinean country. It is located in the province of Bioko Norte. It stands out for its colonial style architecture. Modern buildings contrast with those of the time, which makes it possible to travel through its history.
The port of Malabo is essential for the supply of Guinea. In Semu, in addition to spectacular views, within the market we find typical and regional food. The coconut suit, thin strips of coconut roasted with sugar, over low heat, is a discovery for the palate.
It is the host city of the Equatorial Guinea Bodypainting Festival.
Places to visit:
Is the Nature Reserve with the largest variety of primates in the world, in proportion to its size and number. The village elder receives us before going down to the beach. There is a ritual that he wants us to do in order to return in the future: he gives us seawater in a coconut shell, the first drink must be spit and the second drink, taking a step forward. He says that now the spirits will bring us back. Refresh and swim under the water curtain of the waterfall that flows into the sea. A unique scenario for its biodiversity.
Moka Valley, in the province of Bioko Sur, enjoys a micro-climate and a unique ecosystem on the island.
We go through virgin forests wrapped in magic. Moss rugs cover rocks and dirt. The waterfalls and the lake that are located after climbing the hills of the valley, make the effort worthwhile.
SIPOPO and the islet Horacio, (northeast of the island), are those pictures that are hard to forget. Crossing a wooden bridge, a few meters from the shore, the vegetation of the islet shakes you. Sculptures of stone and wood blend with the surroundings: mangroves, ceibas, mosses and ferns. At dusk the tropical life resurfaces with the songs of the birds.
FINCA SAMPAKA has been and is an emblematic farm on the island of Bioko, founded around 1906, its colonial house made of green wood and Nordic pine stands still refusing to succumb to the passage of time. The farm whose extension was about 1,000 hectares, always stood out for harvesting one of the best cacao on the island and the world, both for its exquisite care in the selection and in its production process.
MALABO NATIONAL PARK
The National Park of Malabo is a thematic and leisure park built by the Government of Equatorial Guinea (Ministry of Tourism and Culture) on the island of Bioko. The park has an area of 501100 m2 and its interior will house cultural areas, museums, children’s areas, restaurants, gazebo and many other attractions. Currently, the place where the Equatorial Guinea Bodypainting Festival takes place.